Bed Linen Dictionary

Dyed Fabric

In this process the fabric is dyed with a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to the fabric it is applied to. Dyeing gives beautiful, unique fabric designs.

Batik Fabric

A method of dyeing fabric where wax or glue paste is used cover those areas on the fabric which are not to be dyed. Later on the wax is taken off by boiling.


Percale, aka. “plain weave” cotton, refers to a weave of cotton in which one vertical thread is woven over one horizontal thread. Tighter than the standard weave used for bed linen, percale must have a thread count of at least 180, commonly over 200.


Sateen is a weave of cotton in which four horizontal threads are woven over one vertical thread. The result is a smooth, silky texture with more of a sheen, though it has less space between threads and so breathes less than percale. Unsurprisingly, this generally results in higher thread counts.

Embroidered Fabric

A fabric to which ornamental needlework is applied, creating patterns and different upholstery fabric designs.

Printed Fabric

A fabric on which a pattern is printed with an ink or dye.

Check Fabric

Check is the most popular and common fabric design with never-ending charm. Different types of check as upholstery fabric designs are used to make varied furnishing products. From small to large, all types and colors of checks are available.


Dobby is a type of weave used mostly in geometrical form giving a unique fabric design pattern. This fabric is extensively used for making home furnishing products.


Jacquard fabric design patterns are larger than the dobby, and also more intricate. They are used for making upholstery and drapery products.


Flocking is the process of depositing many small fiber particles (called flock) onto a surface. It can also refer to the texture produced by the process, or to any material used primarily for its flocked surface. Flocking of an article can be performed for the purpose of increasing its value in terms of the tactile … Continue reading Flocking

Plain Weave

Each filling yarn passes over and under each warp yarn with each row alternating.

Acetate Fabric

An imitation of silk which can withstand mildew, pilling and shrinking.

Twill Weave

It is similar to plain weave. In this the warp yarns skip at regular predetermined intervals creating a diagonal rib in the weave.

Basket Weave

Two or more warp yarns cross alternately side-by-side with two or more filling yarns. It resembles a plaited basket.

Dobby Weave

A decorative weave which is characterised by small designs or geometric figures being woven in the fabric structure.

Leno Weave

In this the warp yarns are arranged in pairs. One yarn is twisted around the other between picks of the filling yarn.

Oxford Weave

A group of fabrics made with modified plain weave or basket weave. Usually made for shirting materials.

Cut Pile

Cut pile describes carpet fabric where the face of the fabric is composed of cut ends of pile yarn.

Uncut Pile

Uncut pile is a pile of carpet consisting of loops.

Double Knit

Double knit fabric is a type of circular knit fabric of double thickness.

Acrylic Fabric

Acrylic is an imitation of wool and is resistant to wearing, wrinkling, soiling, and fading.

Acetate Fabric

Acetate is an imitation of silk and can withstand mildew, pilling and shrinking.

Nylon Fabric

Nylon is the strongest upholstery fabric and does not soil or wrinkle.

Latex Fabric

Latex has high waterproofing and dry cleaning properties. It is resistant to heat and light.

Polyester Fabric

Polyester is used for upholstery and is blended with other fibers to add wrinkle resistance. It eliminates crushing of napped fabrics and reduce fading.

Spandex Fabric

Spandex is known for its shape retention quality and is resistant to dry heat and oil. It is lightweight with comfort and flexibility.

Rayon Fabric

Rayon imitates silk, linen, and cotton and is durable.

Pillow-top Mattress

Pillow-top mattresses have an additional layer of foam or padding atop the regular mattress. Sometimes they will be double-sided and have this layer on both sides, in which case the user is expected to flip the mattress over regularly for maximum comfort and lifespan of the mattress. The general consensus is that pillow-top mattresses at … Continue reading Pillow-top Mattress